China Hush – Amazing Pictures, Pollution in China

China Hush – Stories of China

October 21st, 2009 by | Posted in News | 1,411 Comments ?

[QQ] October 14, 2009, the 30th annual awards ceremony of the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund took place at the Asia Society in New York City. Lu Guang (卢广) from People?s Republic of China won the $30,000 W. Eugene Smith Grant in Humanistic Photography for his documentary project ?Pollution in China.?



Lu Guang (卢广), freelancer photographer, started as an amateur photographer in 1980. He was a factory worker, later started his own photo studio and advertising agency. August of 1993 he returned to post-graduate studies at the Central Arts and Design Academy in Beijing (now is the Academy of Arts and Design, Tsinghua University). During graduate school, he studied, traveled all over the country and carved out a career, became the ?dark horse? of the photographer circle in Beijing. Skilled at social documentary photography, his insightful, creative and artistic work often focused on ?social phenomena and people living at the bottom of society?, attracted the attentions of the national photography circle and the media. Many of his award winning works focused on social issues like, ?gold rush in the west?, ?drug girl?, ?small coal pit?, ?HIV village?, ?the Grand Canal?, ?development of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway? and so on.

1. ?At the junction of Ningxia province and Inner Mongolia province, I saw a tall chimney puffing out golden smoke covering the blue sky, large tracts of the grassland have become industrial waste dumps; unbearable foul smell made people want to cough; Surging industrial sewage flowed into the Yellow River??

– Lu Guang



2. Chemical waste from Jiangsu Taixing Chemical Industrial District (江苏泰兴化工园区) dumped on top of the Yangtze River bank. May 15, 2009



3. Fan Jai Zhuang in Anyang City, Henan province, (河南安阳市范家庄) there is only one wall separating this village from the steelmaking furnaces. The villagers live in this heavily polluted environment where the village is under the iron rain every day. March 24, 2008



4. Industrial sewage of Zhejiang Xiaoshan Industrial District (浙江萧山化工园区) eventually flowed into Qiantang River. April 24, 2009



5. Henan Anyang iron and steel plant?s (河南安阳钢铁厂) sewage flowed into Anyang River. March 25, 2008



6. Guiyu, Guangdong province, (广东省贵屿镇) rivers and reservoirs have been contaminated, the villager is washing in a seriously polluted pond. November 25, 2005



7. Shizuishan Industrial district in Ningxia province (宁夏石嘴山湖滨工业园区), the tall chimneys spitted out smoke and dust. Residents took preventive measure for the falling dust from the sky when going outside. April 22, 2006



8. In the Yellow Sea coastline, countless sewage pipes buried in the beach and even extending into the deep sea. April 28, 2008



9. In Ma?anshan, Anhui province (安徽马鞍山), along the Yangtze River there are many small-scaled Iron selection factories and plastic processing plants. Large amounts of sewage discharged into the Yangtze River June 18, 2009



10. In Inner Mongolia there were 2 ?black dragons? from the Lasengmiao Power Plant (内蒙古拉僧庙发电厂) covering the nearby villages. July 26, 2005



11. Jiangsu province Changshu City Fluorine Chemical industry land sewage treatment plant (江苏省常熟市氟化学工业园污水处理厂) was responsible for collection and processing of the industrial sewage. However they did not, the sewage pipe was extended 1500 meters under the Yangtze River and releasing the sewage there. 2009 June 11



12. Soil by Yangtze River, was polluted by Anhui Province Ma?anshan Chemical Industrial District (安徽省马鞍山化工园区). June 26, 2009



13. Large amount of the industrial wastewater flowed to Yellow River from Inner Mongolia Lasengmiao Industrial District (内蒙古拉僧庙工业园区) every day. July 26, 2005



14. A Large amount of the chemical wastewater discharged into Yangtze River from Zhenjiang Titanium mill (镇江市钛粉厂) every day. Less than 1,000 meters away downstream is where the water department of Danyang City gets its water from. June 10, 2009



15. In Haimen city, Jiangsu province Chemical Industrial District sewage treatment Plant (江苏省海门市化工园区污水处理厂) discharged wastewater into Yangtze River. June 5, 2009



16. Hebei Province Shexian Tianjin Iron and steel plant (河北省涉县天津钢铁厂) is a heavily polluting company. Company scale is still growing, seriously affecting the lives of local residents. March 18, 2008



17. Longmen town in Hanchen city, Shaanxi Province (陕西省韩城市龙门镇) has large-scaled industrial development. Environment is very seriously polluted there. April 8, 2008



18. There are over 100 chemical plants in Jiangsu province coastal industry district. (江苏滨海头罾沿海化工园区) Some of them discharge wastewater into the ocean; some heavily contaminated sewage is stored in 5 ?Sewage Temporary Pools?. During the 2 high tides in every month, the sewage then gets discharged into the ocean with the tides. June 20, 2008



19. Jiangxi Province Hu Ko County Chemical Industry district (江西省胡口县化工园区) is by the Yangtze River. Chemical factory landfill the Yangtze River bank to expand the scale of the factory without authorization.



20. Anhui Province Cihu Chemical Industry District (安徽省慈湖化工园区) built a underground pipe to discharge wastewater into the Yangtze River. The wastewater sometimes is black, gray, dark red, or yellow, wastewater from different chemical factories has different colors. June 18, 2009



21. Shanxi Province is the most polluted areas of China. It is also the province with the highest rate of birth defects. This loving farmer couple adopted 17 disabled children. April 15, 2009

?In Some areas of China people?s lives were threatened because of the environmental pollution. Residents suffering from all kinds of obscured diseases, the cancer villages, increase of deformed babies, these were the results of sacrificing environment and blindly seeking economical gain.?

– Lu Guang



22. Elder shepherd by the Yellow River cannot stand the smell. April 23, 2006



23. 15-year-old boy from Tianshui, Gansu Province (甘肃天水), dropped out of the school after 2nd grade, followed his parents to Heilonggui (黑龙贵) Industrial District. He earns 16 yuan a day. April 8, 2005



24. Inner Mongolia province Heilonggui (黑龙贵) Industrial District, the couple who worked at the Plaster Kiln and just got home. March 22, 2007



25. Villagers from Kang village in Linfen City, Shanxi Province (山西省临汾市下康村) due to long-term consumption of the polluted water contaminated by industrial waste, there were 50 people who have cancer and cerebral thrombosis. 64-year-old Wang Baosheng got ill since 2003, he has fester all over his body so he cannot go to bed and lying face down on the edge of the bed each day. July 10, 2005



26. Breathing in large amount of dust into the lungs, people gets sick after working there for 1-2 years. Most of these migrant workers come from area of poverty. April 10, 2005



27. Zhangqiao village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan Province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的张桥村), a 45-year-old woman Sun Xiaojun (孙晓军) could not move her feet and hands since 4 years ago. The numerous hospital treatments were not effective. April 7, 2009



28. Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的赵庄村), 66-year-old Zhao Bingkun suffering from esophageal cancer since 2004, after the second surgery, treatment cost already have reached over 200,000 yuan. His condition is in late stage, he is having fever everyday, waiting for death. April 7, 2009



29. Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (洪河边的河南省西平县张于庄村), Gao Wanshun?s (高万顺) wife died of cancer. Now he lives in poverty. April 3, 2009



30. Linfen City in Shanxi province (山西临汾市) is seriously polluted area. Farmers after working in the cotton fields for 2 hours are filled with coal ashes. September 24 2007



31. Salt factory worker in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province (江苏连云港) said angrily, ?when the wind blowing towards our side, the foul smell from the chemical factories is unbearable. There is even more poison gas at night.? July 19, 2008



32. People form Fanjiazhuang (范家庄) are ready to submit a complain filled with their fingerprints, to seek compensation for pollution damages. March 19, 2008



33. In Shanxi Province there are a lot of charitable nursing homes, to help disabled infants abandoned by their parents. April 14, 2009



34. Liujiawan village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的刘家湾村), 13 year old Yang Xiao in November 2008 was ill with obscure disease.? She was saved by the donation of the villagers. When the grandmother saw the old village chief came to visit his granddaughter, she kneeled on the ground holding granddaughter?s hand. April 19, 2009



35. The oldest is 9, not going to school. The youngest is less than 2 years old. They lived in severely polluted area. They hands and faces were always dirty. April 10, 2005



36. Mazhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province, (河南省舞钢市洪河边的马庄村) 58-year-old Ma Haipeng (马海朋) was suffering from stomach cancer since 2006 and could not work in the field. He must take medicine every day, otherwise it is too painful. April 6, 2009



37. Every year, a lot of deficiency babies in Shanxi Province were abandoned. Kong Zhenlan (孔贞兰) in Qi town (祁县) who was making a living by recycling trash adopted 25 abandoned children. April 14, 2009



38. Xuanwei (宣威) in Yunnan province is a cancer village. Every year there are more than 20 people die of cancer. 11-year-old student Xu Li (徐丽) is suffering from bone cancer. May 8, 2007



39. In Shexian Village, Hebei Province, (河北省涉县固新村) the existing cancer patients are more than 50 people and more than 20 cancer patients die each year. March 18, 2008


40.? Zhangyuzhuan village by the Hong River in Xiping county, Henan province, (河南省西平县洪河边的张于庄村) 22-year-old Zhu Xiaoyan (朱小燕) had a tumor in her stomach in 2007. She died after number of hospital treatments on July 2008. 4-year-old girl with her grandfather came to mother?s tomb. April 2009 2


original source: Fengniao

Followup: Interview with Lu Guang, the photographer of ?Pollution in China?


Video Clip – Rare Earth Experts Embarrassed in Malaysia (China NTDTV)

Media Advisory: Kuantan MP YB Fuziah Salleh – Meeting up with Siemens (who is entering into a JV with Lynas Corp)

Dear Friends of the Media,

You are cordially invited to a Press Conference on Friday 5th Aug at KL Hilton, which will be held at 4.30pm immediately after the meeting with Siemens.

As you all know, Siemens have recently signed a letter of intent for a JV with Lynas Corp to operate a plant to produce magnets here in Malaysia. Even though the JV has nothing to do with rare earth refinery and extraction, it does provide justification for the existence of LAMP. At the same time it also contradicts Siemens corporate values of supporting Green technology.

This is a great concern for the folks in Kuantan. Thus I have asked to meet Siemens, to which they have responded well.

My meeting with Siemens will be accompanied by 4 person altogether – 2 representing BADAR, the residents of Balok as well as 2 technical persons. Details of the meeting with Siemens are as follows.

Date : Friday, 5 August 2011
Time : 15:30
Venue : Hilton Kuala Lumpur
Accord Boardroom, Level 6
No. 3, Jalan Stesen Sentral
50470 Kuala Lumpur

Attendees on behalf of Siemens:

Mr Prakash Chandran,
President & CEO Siemens Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

Mr Alexander Pulkert
Head of Direct Drives Sales, Siemens AG, Germany

Mr Winfried Wittmann
Senior Director Public Relations Siemens AG, Germany

Mr Pravind Menon
Regional Compliance Officer Siemens Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

Ms. Vasanthe Narayanasamy
Vice President & Head, Communications Siemens Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

Ms. Stephanie Wee
Customer Relations & Government Liaison Siemens Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

Thank You and Kind Regards.
See you at the PC

Fuziah Salleh
MP for Kuantan, Malaysia

Video Clip – TVPAS – Perception: Why We Must Stop Lynas? 29 July 2011

Video Clip – Ceramah Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh Tentang Isu Lynas Di Kg.Belukar (26 Jun 2011)

Video dari pahangdaily

Bloomberg Markets July 2011 – Focus Malaysia – Development And Dissent

As Prime Minister Najib Razak seeks $444 billion in private investment by 2020, he faces protesters who want block the world’s largest rare-earth refinery.

Link to article in PDF file:

Bloomberg Markets – Focus Malaysia – Development And Dissent July 2011

Video Clip – YB Fuziah Ceramah Isu Lynas Di Sungai Petani, Kedah pada 18hb Jun 2011

Ahli Parlimen Kuantan dan Naib Presiden PKR YB Fuziah Salleh menerangi isu Lynas kepada penduduk Sungai Petani, Kedah semasa program Hari Ibu Bapa anjuran PKR Cabang Sungai Petani di Dewan Orang Ramai, Taman Sri Wang, Sungai Petani, Kedah.

Muat Naik: Dr. Joyce Lee
3hb Julai 2011

Merdeka Review (Bahasa Malaysia) – Nuklear di Jepun dan Rare Earth di Kuantan

Merdeka Review

Fuziah Salleh | Mar 16, 2011 03:42:55 pm

Saya turut serta rakan – rakan Ahli Parlimen yang lain di dalam solidariti dan menyampaikan ucapan takziah kepada Negara serta rakyat Jepun.  Ribuan nyawa manusia telah kehilangan akibat tragedi tersebut.  Ribuan manusia bersedih di atas kehilangan dan kematian keluarga tercinta.  Malah seluruh dunia berdukacita diatas bencana yang Alam Sekitar dan keselamatan penduduk bukan merupakan satu isu yang selalu mendapat perhatian awam di Malaysia sehinggalah tragedi seperti ini berlaku dan kita semua telah menyaksikan dengan perasaan gerun bercampur terharu serta sedih melalui kaca televisyen tentang bagaimana dasyatnya keadaan di Negara Jepun apabila tsunami melanda.

Sehubungan dengan perbahasan Alam Sekitar ini, saya ingin membawa isu berkenaan refinery plant ataupun logi pemprosesan rare earth kepunyaan Lynas Corp Ltd di Kuantan.  Perkara ini telah saya bangkitkan buat pertama kalinya di dewan yang mulia ini pada 18 November 2008 dan seterusnya buat beberapa kali lagi.  Namun perkara ini masih belum dianggap penting oleh Kerajaan Malaysia.  Projek ini masih diteruskan sehinggalah seorang wartawan NYT, Keith Bradsher telah terbang jauh ke Kuantan untuk membuat penyelidikan dan seterusnya akhbar New York Times pada 7 November 2011.

Apabila masyarakat antarabangsa mula mengambil perhatian tentang perkembangan yang berlaku di Malaysia berkenaan isu ini, maka rakyat di Malaysia juga sudah mula bercakap dan berbahas di kedai kopi serta di media sosial dan internet.

Setelah lebih dua tahun berbahas mengenai isu ini saya masih tidak faham apakah rasionalnya Kerajaan Pusat mahupun Kerajaan Negeri Pahang bertegas dan beria-ia mahu meneruskan projek ini.  Jelas tiada siapa yang akan mendapat keuntungan dari projek ini.

Memang industri ini merupakan industri yang strategik akan tetapi, wajarkah Malaysia melibatkan diri didalam keadaan tiada keuntungan buat Negara kita? Memang kita tiada mendapat keuntungan langsung.  Hanya risiko yang menanti.

Hanya risiko yang menanti

Saya jelaskan dan tegaskan keadaan ini adalah kerana:-

1. LYNAS CORPORATION LTD merupakan syarikat milik penuh Australia (tiada ‘local partner’ di atas kertas).  Maksudnya tiada syarikat milik rakyat Malaysia yang akan mendapat keuntungan dengan projek ini.

2. LYNAS CORPORATION LTD dianugerahkan oleh MITI “Strategic Pioneer Status” – tidak perlu membayar cukai import atau export selama 12 tahun.  Maka tiada keuntungan buat Malaysia dari segi cukai korporat yang dikutip.  Syarikat LYNAS Corp Ltd akan mendapat US$1.7 billion setahun daripada nilai export rare earth dan Malaysia tidak akan dapat satu sen pun dalam bentuk cukai selama 12 tahun.

3. Logi pemprosesan rare earth di Gebeng apabila beroperasi hanya akan mengambil 450 orang pekerja (tidak ‘labour intensive’).  Kebanyakan pekerja pula akan merupakan tenaga mahir dari luar Negara dan sedikit sahaja bilangan buruh dari tempatan.

Yang ada kesan ke atas kita, hanyalah risiko di atas sisa buangan thorium yang mengandungi bahan radioaktif.  Malaysia mendapat penghormatan menjadi “dumping ground” atau tapak buangan sisa bahan radioaktif dan rakyat Kuantan menjadi mangsa tak pasal-pasal.

Di seluruh dunia, buat ketika ini, selain di Negara China, hanya Negara India yang punyai logi pemprosesan rare earth – itu pun dalam skala yang amat kecil.  Malaysia pula merupakan hanya satu-satu Negara di dunia yang akan melibatkan diri dalam pemprosesan rare earth ini di dalam rangka masa 30 tahun kebelakangan ini.  Apabila seluruh dunia sudah punyai kesedaran tentang bahaya rare earth dan menolak untuk memproses bahan ini selama lebih tiga dekad, Malaysia buat keputusan untuk menerima pula?

Cucu-cicit boleh jadi mangsa

Negara China memang ada kepentingan untuk memproses “rare earth“, kerana mereka sekarang mengawal pasaran dunia di dalam industri strategik ini.  Malah kilang LYNAS di Negara China sebelum ini diarahkan tutup kerana Negara Cina mahu mengawal pasaran dunia.  Sekarang ini Negara China juga meletakkan embargo ke atas “rare earth” ini demi untuk menjaga harga di pasaran dunia dan mengaut keuntungan yang lebih banyak.

Negara Amerika Syarikat dan Canada juga mempunyai deposit “rare earth” akan tetapi berhenti melombong bahan ini kerana Negara China dapat menghasilkannya dengan lebih murah.  Negara China yang mempunyai lombong “rare earth” mereka sendiri, mempunyai lebih kurang 30% daripada deposit di dunia akan tetapi mengawal 97% dari produk rare earth dalam pasaran.  Maka di atas sebab itu mereka ada sebab untuk meneruskan pemprosesannya di sana, walaupun logi pemprosesan mereka di Shanghai sungguh-sungguh tidak menepati piawaian Alam Sekitar yang di tetapkan dunia antarabangsa.

Malaysia tiada lombong “rare earth” dan Malaysia tidak PERLU untuk proses “rare earth” ini.  Seluruh dunia selama tiga dekad sudah pun menolak untuk memproses bahan ini.

Penegasan dari saya ialah Negara Malaysia mahupun Kerajaan Negeri Pahang tidak mendapat keuntungan dari jumlah export LYNAS CORP sebanyak US$1.7 billion setahun hasil dari pemprosesan bermula pada penghujung tahun ini.

Apa yang rakyat Malaysia, khususnya warga Kuantan hanya akan dapat ialah sisa buangan yang mengandungi thorium.  Satu bahan yang radioaktif serta juga carcinogenic (boleh menyebabkan cancer).

Yang paling merisaukan ialah, kesan-kesan negatif dari bahan buangan radiaoaktif bukan sahaja akan berlarutan selama satu atau dua tahun – tetapi beribu-ribu tahun!!!  Ini bermaksud, Cucu kita, cicit kita, dan cucu kepada cicit kita juga boleh menjadi mangsa!

Kenyataan PM dan TPM

Saya di fahamkan bahawa Malaysian Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) hanya mengeluarkan lesen kepada LYNAS Corp Ltd untuk bina logi pemprosesan di gebeng Kuantan akan tetapi belum lagi mengeluarkan Lesen untuk beroperasi memproses rare earth. (Memetik Kenyataan Ketua Pengarah AELB)

Timbalan Perdana Menteri juga berkata beliau tidak pasti samada logi Lynas di Gebeng sudah mendapat kebenaran beroperasi atau tidak.  Timbalan Perdana Menteri juga berkata beliau akui bahawa ada kerisauan rakyat berkenaan pembinaan logi rare earth di Gebeng Kuantan ini.

Akan tetapi Perdana Menteri sudah pun membuat kenyataan bahawa semua langkah keselamatan telah diambil di logi Lynas Gebeng.  Mana mungkin PM membuat kenyataan demikian di dalam keadaan AELB masih lagi meneliti prosedur keselamatan berkenaan pengurusan sisa buangan di logi Lynas.

Sehubungan dengan itu, saya ingin bertanya kepada AELB selain dari laporan dalaman agensi, adakah AELB sudah berusaha mendapatkan laporan dan kajian dari Badan Bebas (Independent Risk Assessment) berkenaan risiko yang akan kita bakal hadapi dan impak daripada bahan sisa buangan yang mengandungi thorium ini.  Selama ini apabila saya menuntut satu DEIA dibuat ke atas projek ini, pihak Kementerian buat tak tahu juga.

Tregedi Bukit Merah

Buat masa ini LYNAS masih belum ada perancangan konkrit berkenaan bagaimana sisa yang mengandungi thorium itu akan diselenggara.

Saya tegaskan di sini bahawa apa yang terbaik patut dilakukan oleh AELB ialah hentikan segala niat untuk keluarkan lesen memproses rare earth kepada LYNAS.  Logi LYNAS kini masih di dalam binaan dan belum bermula operasi sehingga penggal terakhir tahun ini.  AELB masih sempat balik ke pangkal jalan dan buat keputusan yang terbaik demi rakyat.

Adakah kita mahu tunggu ada kes seperti di Bukit Merah, ada anak pekerja yang lahir cacat, abnormal, baru kita mahu bertindak?  Adakah nyawa dan keselamatan rakyat Kuantan begitu tidak berharga kepada Kerajaan Malaysia?

Pada ketika ini, kebanyakan rakyat Kuantan sudah pun menyedari risiko yang dibawa oleh logi Lynas ini dan sedang bangkit untuk menyatakan ketidakpuasan hati mereka.  Sekiranya selama ini pihak MOSTI, Kerajaan tempatan mahupun LYNAS mampu memperkecilkan isu ini dengan membuat “PR exercise“, kini tidak lagi.

Selaku wakil rakyat di Kuantan usaha saya membela keselamatan rakyat Kuantan akan saya teruskan sehinggalah logi pemrosesan LYNAS yang kini dalam binaan ditutup dan kita hantar mereka balik ke Australia.  Kalau mereka terdesak sangat mahu memproses rare earth mereka, buat lah logi pemprosesan di Negara mereka sendiri.

Sehubungan dengan itu, saya gesa sekali lagi, AELB, untuk hentikan serta merta segala usaha yang menjurus kepada pengeluaran lesen kepada LYNAS untuk beroperasi.  Malah pada saya isu ini tidak seharusnya timbul untuk dibahaskan kerana Kerajaan Malaysia sepatutnya sudah awal-awal lagi menolak projek yang tidak mendatangkan manfaat serta tidak membawa keuntungan serta faedah di dalam semua aspek kepada Negara ini.

Latar belakang maklumat Pemprosesan bahan yang sama di Malaysia sebelum ini:

1. November 1979: Syarikat Asian Rare Earth (ARE) dibentuk untuk mengekstrak itrium (sejenis unsur nadir bumi) daripada monazit.  Sisa buangan yang menjadi milik kerajaan Negeri Perak akan disimpan kerana berpotensi sebagai sumber tenaga nuklear.

2. Jun 1982: Penduduk Parit, Perak mendapat tahu kerajaan telah memilih kawasan seluas sembilan ekar, kira-kira 6 km dari penempatan mereka untuk dijadikan tapak penimbunan sisa radioaktif syarikat ARE.  Ekoran bantahan hebat daripada jawatankuasa penduduk serta lain-lain pertubuhan politik dan sosial, kerajaan membatalkan cadangan itu dan kemudian mula mencari tapak baru.  Kilang ARE mula beroperasi di KM 7.2, Jalan Lahat di Bukit Merah.

3. 24 Mei 1985: Kira-kira 6,700 penduduk Papan dan pekan-pekan yang berhampiran menandatangani satu surat bantahan dan menghantarnya kepada Perdana Menteri, Menteri Besar Perak, Menteri Kesihatan serta Menteri Sains, Teknologi dan Alam Sekitar.  Kemudian seramai 200 penduduk Papan membantah tapak pembuangan yang dicadangkan.  Mereka menyekat jalan yang menuju ke tapak itu.  Pelbagai tunjuk perasaan telah diadakan oleh masyarakat setempat sebagai membantah tindakan kerajaan ini.

Kemudian pada 19 September 1985, sekumpulan tiga orang dari Agensi Tenaga Atom Antarabangsa (IAEA) Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu mengunjungi tapak buangan di Papan atas jemputan kerajaan Malaysia.  Mereka mengisytiharkan tapak buangan itu tidak selamat.

4. 11 Januari 1985: Selepas mesyuarat kabinet yang dipengerusikan oleh Timbalan Perdana Menteri ketika itu, Musa Hitam, kerajaan mengambil keputusan memindahkan tapak buangan sisa ke Mukim Belanja di Banjaran Kledang yang terletak kira-kira 5 km dari Papan dan 3 km dari Menglembu.  Lapan orang penduduk, bagi pihak diri mereka sendiri dan penduduk Bukit Merah membuat satu permohonan di Mahkamah Tinggi Ipoh menahan ARE daripada mengeluar, menyimpan atau menimbun sisa radioaktif di sekitar kampung tersebut.  Akta Perlesenan Tenaga Atom 1984 dikuatkuasakan.  Ia memastikan pengendali bahagian pemasangan nuklear (termasuk kerajaan) bertanggungjawab terhadap ancaman nuklear.  Lima ahli Lembaga Perlesenan Tenaga Atom (AELB) dibentuk di bawah Akta itu, dengan perwakilan dari Puspati, Kementerian Kesihatan serta Kementerian Sains, Teknologi dan Alam Sekitar.

Kemudian Hakim Anuar Datuk Zainal Abidin di Mahkamah Tinggi Ipoh memberikan kepada penduduk Bukit Merah perintah menahan dan menghentikan ARE daripada mengeluar dan menimbun bahan sisa radioaktif sehingga langkah-langkah keselamatan yang secukupnya diambil.  Lebih daripada 1,500 penduduk Bukit Merah hadir di mahkamah untuk mendengar keputusan itu.

5. Kemudian pada 19 Januari 1994 ARE telah memberhentikan operasinya.

*Fuziah Salleh (gambar kiri) ialah ahli parlimen Kuantan, merangkap Naib Presiden PKR.  Tulisan ini disedut daripada ucapan Perbahasan Titah DYMM SPB Yang Di Pertuan Agung sidang parlimen Penggal Ke-4, Parlimen Ke-12.

The People’s Green Coalition’s Criticism on IAEA (English)

Statement by The People’s Green Coalition on the Investigation by The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) into the Safety of Radiation Level at The Lynas Advnace Material Plant (LAMP) in Gebeng, Pahang, Malaysia

Issued by The People’s Green Coalition Malaysia on the 11th June 2011 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


The IAEA was invited by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Malaysia to hold an investigation into the radiative risks posed by LAMP in Gebeng Industrial Estate, Pahang. The IAEA carried out its work from the 30th May to the 3rd June 2011 by having half-an-hour dialogue sessions with various selected groups in Kuantan Pahang and at Putrajaya. It also visited the LAMP site in private without the participation of stakeholders and media reporters.

The Position of The People’s Green Coalition

The People’s Green Coalition resolutely supports the people of Pahang and Malaysia to stop LAMP from operating in any part of Malaysia. We hold that there is no save radiation level and that incremental radiation exposures will harm the health of the people and their future generations by damaging their genome. We further believe that exposing a population to man-made radiation despite their strong oposition tentamounts to a slow and insidious form of genocide and a crime against humanity. ( Ref. 1)

Criticism of The IAEA

We hold that the IAEA was invited by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Malaysia to stage a short and superficial investigation into the radiative risks posed by LAMP in order to pacify the increasingly widespread and strong objection to the LAMP project in Gebeng Pahang.

We object to this public relation exercise for the following reasons:

  1. The IAEA promotes and advocates for the nuclear industries. It is not a neutral body and should not be given the mandate to assess nuclear related risks which result directly from the very industries it promotes.
  2. The IAEA was given priority to overide the World Health Organisation in publishing morbidity and mortality data related to nuclear disasters by virtue of an agreement signed in 1959. It effectly puts a gag on the WHO in publishing such data. (Ref. 2)
  3. The IAEA failed to correctly assess the damages caused by the nuclear disasters in Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima. ( Ref. 3)

In particular, we object to the IAEA’s role in Malaysia for the following reasons:

  1. The IAEA was brought in at the late stage of the LAMP project when public anger has been mounting against the opaque manner in which the project has been approved.
  2. The IAEA team was made up of internal IAEA members and members of consultancy firms many of whom have worked with the IAEA. No independent members with expertise in the nuclear safety, public health, environemntal protection, social and economic concerns was included in the team. ( Ref. 4 )

Furthermore, the IAEA panel admitted to the representatives of the People’s Green Coalition that:

  1. The IAEA panel was given a very limited mandate by MITI to assess that the radiation level emitted by the LAMP will conform to the standard prescribed by the IAEA. No other issues will be given considerations.
  2. The IAEA has accepted that there is no safe threshold to ionizing radiation and even exposure to background radiation can cause some cancers. Additional exposure to ionizing radiation can cause further risks. The IAEA has also accepted that one in five workers would get cancer if exposed to the legally allowable occupational doses over 50 years in the workforce. These risks are much higher than that permitted for other carcinogens (Ref. 5).
  3. The IAEA will not take into consideration non-radioactive pollution produced by LAMP . The Environment Impact Assessment submitted by LAMP lists large quantities of industrial acids and chemicals to be used which will adversely impact the environment.
  4. The IAEA panel commented that if the people of Malaysia strongly oppose LAMP, then the Malaysian government should close down the plant.
  5. The IAEA panel also commented that although they have their conscience towards the people of Malaysia, that conscience may not be fully exercised as they are restricted to base their recommendations strcitly according to the radiation safety standard of the IAEA to the exclusion of all other considerations.

Ex-IAEA member Dr. E.E. Fowler’s Report on Bukit Merah in 1986

22 September 1986 : Asia Rare Earth at Bukit Merah, Perak invited an American atomic energy expert, Dr E. E. Fowler (formerly with the IAEA) to visit its factory. Dr Fowler stated that radiation levels near ARE facilities have met ICRP standard and that the factory was safe for operation. ( Ref. 6 )

Contrary to Dr. Fowler’s report, residents of Bukit Merah suffer increased incidences of miscarriages, birth defects, ill health and leaukamia. Seven out of eight leukemic patients have died. Other international experts have testified in law courts that these diseases were due to the radioactive waste produced by Asia Rare Earth. Mitsubishi which owned Asia Rare Earth closed down the plant and has since spent 300 million ringgit to clean up the radioactive waste.


The People’s Green Coalition urge the public to consider the above facts when evaluating the IAEA’s report on the LAMP project which will be released soon.

Any piecemeal recommendations by the IAEA to improve the standard of transportation, handling, processing and disposal of hazardous materials by LAMP are mere tactical manouvres to grant LAMP the licence to proceed. The IAEA has no power to regulate nor has it the power to enforce compliance to its recommendations once LAMP starts its operation. The Department of Environment (DOE) and the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) have failed in their duty to regulate the industry as shown by the tragedy of Bukit Merah.

We assert that there is no safe radiation level and that incremental radiation exposure will harm our health and imperil our future generations.

We demand the closure of the LAMP.

We further urge all Malaysians to support our demand for the closure of LAMP.

End of statement


1…WHO issued forthright statements on radiation risks such as its 1956 warning: “Genetic heritage is the most precious property for human beings. It determines the lives of our progeny, health and harmonious development of future generations. As experts, we affirm that the health of future generations is threatened by increasing development of the atomic industry and sources of radiation … We also believe that new mutations that occur in humans are harmful to them and their offspring.”

Dangerously Wrong on Nuclear Radiation : Attack of the Nuclear Apologists ; By HELEN CALDICOTT

2…On 28 May 1959, at the 12th World Health Assembly, WHO drew up an agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); clause 12.40 of this agreement says: “Whenever either organisation [the WHO or the IAEA] proposes to initiate a programme or activity on a subject in which the other organisation has or may have a substantial interest, the first party shall consult the other with a view to adjusting the matter by mutual agreement.” In other words, the WHO grants the right of prior approval over any research it might undertake or report on to the IAEA – a group that many people, including journalists, think is a neutral watchdog, but which is, in fact, an advocate for the nuclear power industry.

Dangerously Wrong on Nuclear Radiation : Attack of the Nuclear Apologists ; By HELEN CALDICOTT

3.UN’s nuclear watchdog IAEA under fire over response to Japanese disaster: IAEA and Japanese secretary-general accused of ignoring lessons of Chernobyl and letting firms cut corners at Fukushima.

Japan’s woes, world crisis

4.Lynas panel revealed: Independent, you say?

5. Panel admits no safe radiation level says CAP

6. Consumers’ Association Penang website : Chronology of events in the Bukit Merah Asian Rare Earth developments.

End of references