China Hush – Amazing Pictures, Pollution in China

China Hush – Stories of China

October 21st, 2009 by | Posted in News | 1,411 Comments ?

[QQ] October 14, 2009, the 30th annual awards ceremony of the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund took place at the Asia Society in New York City. Lu Guang (卢广) from People?s Republic of China won the $30,000 W. Eugene Smith Grant in Humanistic Photography for his documentary project ?Pollution in China.?

20091020-lu-guang-22

20091020-lu-guang-00

Lu Guang (卢广), freelancer photographer, started as an amateur photographer in 1980. He was a factory worker, later started his own photo studio and advertising agency. August of 1993 he returned to post-graduate studies at the Central Arts and Design Academy in Beijing (now is the Academy of Arts and Design, Tsinghua University). During graduate school, he studied, traveled all over the country and carved out a career, became the ?dark horse? of the photographer circle in Beijing. Skilled at social documentary photography, his insightful, creative and artistic work often focused on ?social phenomena and people living at the bottom of society?, attracted the attentions of the national photography circle and the media. Many of his award winning works focused on social issues like, ?gold rush in the west?, ?drug girl?, ?small coal pit?, ?HIV village?, ?the Grand Canal?, ?development of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway? and so on.

1. ?At the junction of Ningxia province and Inner Mongolia province, I saw a tall chimney puffing out golden smoke covering the blue sky, large tracts of the grassland have become industrial waste dumps; unbearable foul smell made people want to cough; Surging industrial sewage flowed into the Yellow River??

– Lu Guang

20091020-lu-guang-01

 

2. Chemical waste from Jiangsu Taixing Chemical Industrial District (江苏泰兴化工园区) dumped on top of the Yangtze River bank. May 15, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-02

 

3. Fan Jai Zhuang in Anyang City, Henan province, (河南安阳市范家庄) there is only one wall separating this village from the steelmaking furnaces. The villagers live in this heavily polluted environment where the village is under the iron rain every day. March 24, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-03

 

4. Industrial sewage of Zhejiang Xiaoshan Industrial District (浙江萧山化工园区) eventually flowed into Qiantang River. April 24, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-04

 

5. Henan Anyang iron and steel plant?s (河南安阳钢铁厂) sewage flowed into Anyang River. March 25, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-05

 

6. Guiyu, Guangdong province, (广东省贵屿镇) rivers and reservoirs have been contaminated, the villager is washing in a seriously polluted pond. November 25, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-06

 

7. Shizuishan Industrial district in Ningxia province (宁夏石嘴山湖滨工业园区), the tall chimneys spitted out smoke and dust. Residents took preventive measure for the falling dust from the sky when going outside. April 22, 2006

20091020-lu-guang-07

 

8. In the Yellow Sea coastline, countless sewage pipes buried in the beach and even extending into the deep sea. April 28, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-08

 

9. In Ma?anshan, Anhui province (安徽马鞍山), along the Yangtze River there are many small-scaled Iron selection factories and plastic processing plants. Large amounts of sewage discharged into the Yangtze River June 18, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-09

 

10. In Inner Mongolia there were 2 ?black dragons? from the Lasengmiao Power Plant (内蒙古拉僧庙发电厂) covering the nearby villages. July 26, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-10

 

11. Jiangsu province Changshu City Fluorine Chemical industry land sewage treatment plant (江苏省常熟市氟化学工业园污水处理厂) was responsible for collection and processing of the industrial sewage. However they did not, the sewage pipe was extended 1500 meters under the Yangtze River and releasing the sewage there. 2009 June 11

20091020-lu-guang-11

 

12. Soil by Yangtze River, was polluted by Anhui Province Ma?anshan Chemical Industrial District (安徽省马鞍山化工园区). June 26, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-12

 

13. Large amount of the industrial wastewater flowed to Yellow River from Inner Mongolia Lasengmiao Industrial District (内蒙古拉僧庙工业园区) every day. July 26, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-13

 

14. A Large amount of the chemical wastewater discharged into Yangtze River from Zhenjiang Titanium mill (镇江市钛粉厂) every day. Less than 1,000 meters away downstream is where the water department of Danyang City gets its water from. June 10, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-14

 

15. In Haimen city, Jiangsu province Chemical Industrial District sewage treatment Plant (江苏省海门市化工园区污水处理厂) discharged wastewater into Yangtze River. June 5, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-15

 

16. Hebei Province Shexian Tianjin Iron and steel plant (河北省涉县天津钢铁厂) is a heavily polluting company. Company scale is still growing, seriously affecting the lives of local residents. March 18, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-16

 

17. Longmen town in Hanchen city, Shaanxi Province (陕西省韩城市龙门镇) has large-scaled industrial development. Environment is very seriously polluted there. April 8, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-17

 

18. There are over 100 chemical plants in Jiangsu province coastal industry district. (江苏滨海头罾沿海化工园区) Some of them discharge wastewater into the ocean; some heavily contaminated sewage is stored in 5 ?Sewage Temporary Pools?. During the 2 high tides in every month, the sewage then gets discharged into the ocean with the tides. June 20, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-18

 

19. Jiangxi Province Hu Ko County Chemical Industry district (江西省胡口县化工园区) is by the Yangtze River. Chemical factory landfill the Yangtze River bank to expand the scale of the factory without authorization.

20091020-lu-guang-19

 

20. Anhui Province Cihu Chemical Industry District (安徽省慈湖化工园区) built a underground pipe to discharge wastewater into the Yangtze River. The wastewater sometimes is black, gray, dark red, or yellow, wastewater from different chemical factories has different colors. June 18, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-20

 

21. Shanxi Province is the most polluted areas of China. It is also the province with the highest rate of birth defects. This loving farmer couple adopted 17 disabled children. April 15, 2009

?In Some areas of China people?s lives were threatened because of the environmental pollution. Residents suffering from all kinds of obscured diseases, the cancer villages, increase of deformed babies, these were the results of sacrificing environment and blindly seeking economical gain.?

– Lu Guang

20091020-lu-guang-21

 

22. Elder shepherd by the Yellow River cannot stand the smell. April 23, 2006

20091020-lu-guang-22

 

23. 15-year-old boy from Tianshui, Gansu Province (甘肃天水), dropped out of the school after 2nd grade, followed his parents to Heilonggui (黑龙贵) Industrial District. He earns 16 yuan a day. April 8, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-23

 

24. Inner Mongolia province Heilonggui (黑龙贵) Industrial District, the couple who worked at the Plaster Kiln and just got home. March 22, 2007

20091020-lu-guang-24

 

25. Villagers from Kang village in Linfen City, Shanxi Province (山西省临汾市下康村) due to long-term consumption of the polluted water contaminated by industrial waste, there were 50 people who have cancer and cerebral thrombosis. 64-year-old Wang Baosheng got ill since 2003, he has fester all over his body so he cannot go to bed and lying face down on the edge of the bed each day. July 10, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-25

 

26. Breathing in large amount of dust into the lungs, people gets sick after working there for 1-2 years. Most of these migrant workers come from area of poverty. April 10, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-26

 

27. Zhangqiao village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan Province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的张桥村), a 45-year-old woman Sun Xiaojun (孙晓军) could not move her feet and hands since 4 years ago. The numerous hospital treatments were not effective. April 7, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-27

 

28. Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的赵庄村), 66-year-old Zhao Bingkun suffering from esophageal cancer since 2004, after the second surgery, treatment cost already have reached over 200,000 yuan. His condition is in late stage, he is having fever everyday, waiting for death. April 7, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-28

 

29. Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (洪河边的河南省西平县张于庄村), Gao Wanshun?s (高万顺) wife died of cancer. Now he lives in poverty. April 3, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-29

 

30. Linfen City in Shanxi province (山西临汾市) is seriously polluted area. Farmers after working in the cotton fields for 2 hours are filled with coal ashes. September 24 2007

20091020-lu-guang-30

 

31. Salt factory worker in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province (江苏连云港) said angrily, ?when the wind blowing towards our side, the foul smell from the chemical factories is unbearable. There is even more poison gas at night.? July 19, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-31

 

32. People form Fanjiazhuang (范家庄) are ready to submit a complain filled with their fingerprints, to seek compensation for pollution damages. March 19, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-32

 

33. In Shanxi Province there are a lot of charitable nursing homes, to help disabled infants abandoned by their parents. April 14, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-33

 

34. Liujiawan village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的刘家湾村), 13 year old Yang Xiao in November 2008 was ill with obscure disease.? She was saved by the donation of the villagers. When the grandmother saw the old village chief came to visit his granddaughter, she kneeled on the ground holding granddaughter?s hand. April 19, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-34

 

35. The oldest is 9, not going to school. The youngest is less than 2 years old. They lived in severely polluted area. They hands and faces were always dirty. April 10, 2005

20091020-lu-guang-35

 

36. Mazhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province, (河南省舞钢市洪河边的马庄村) 58-year-old Ma Haipeng (马海朋) was suffering from stomach cancer since 2006 and could not work in the field. He must take medicine every day, otherwise it is too painful. April 6, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-36

 

37. Every year, a lot of deficiency babies in Shanxi Province were abandoned. Kong Zhenlan (孔贞兰) in Qi town (祁县) who was making a living by recycling trash adopted 25 abandoned children. April 14, 2009

20091020-lu-guang-37

 

38. Xuanwei (宣威) in Yunnan province is a cancer village. Every year there are more than 20 people die of cancer. 11-year-old student Xu Li (徐丽) is suffering from bone cancer. May 8, 2007

20091020-lu-guang-38

 

39. In Shexian Village, Hebei Province, (河北省涉县固新村) the existing cancer patients are more than 50 people and more than 20 cancer patients die each year. March 18, 2008

20091020-lu-guang-39

40.? Zhangyuzhuan village by the Hong River in Xiping county, Henan province, (河南省西平县洪河边的张于庄村) 22-year-old Zhu Xiaoyan (朱小燕) had a tumor in her stomach in 2007. She died after number of hospital treatments on July 2008. 4-year-old girl with her grandfather came to mother?s tomb. April 2009 2

20091020-lu-guang-40

original source: Fengniao

Followup: Interview with Lu Guang, the photographer of ?Pollution in China?

URL: http://www.chinahush.com/2009/10/21/amazing-pictures-pollution-in-china/#more-3280

Video Clip – Rare Earth Experts Embarrassed in Malaysia (China NTDTV)

Video Clip – TVPAS – Perception: Why We Must Stop Lynas? 29 July 2011

Video Clip – Ceramah Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh Tentang Isu Lynas Di Kg.Belukar (26 Jun 2011)

Video dari pahangdaily

Bloomberg Markets July 2011 – Focus Malaysia – Development And Dissent

As Prime Minister Najib Razak seeks $444 billion in private investment by 2020, he faces protesters who want block the world’s largest rare-earth refinery.

Link to article in PDF file:

Bloomberg Markets – Focus Malaysia – Development And Dissent July 2011

Video Clip – YB Fuziah Ceramah Isu Lynas Di Sungai Petani, Kedah pada 18hb Jun 2011

Ahli Parlimen Kuantan dan Naib Presiden PKR YB Fuziah Salleh menerangi isu Lynas kepada penduduk Sungai Petani, Kedah semasa program Hari Ibu Bapa anjuran PKR Cabang Sungai Petani di Dewan Orang Ramai, Taman Sri Wang, Sungai Petani, Kedah.

Muat Naik: Dr. Joyce Lee
3hb Julai 2011

Free Malaysia Today – New radiation scare: MPs demand info

Tarani Palani | June 16, 2011

The AELB is giving the Selangor government the ‘runaround’ on the contamination detected around Subang-Kelana Jaya area.

KUALA LUMPUR: Hot on the heels of the radiation fears from the rare earth plant in Lynas, opposition MPs today cried foul over another radioactive contamination detected around the Subang-Kelana Jaya area in Selangor.

Subang MP R Sivarasa raised their concern over the lack of information given out by the federal government so far over the incident.

“All the details that we have now is that it is a pharmaceutical company; there was a leak and it is now sealed,” he told a press conference today.

Sivarasa was commenting on a Bernama report yesterday which quoted Science, Technology and Innovation Minister, Maximus Ongkili, as saying that the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) had detected radioactive contamination in a factory in Selangor.

“Why did the government withhold information on this radiation leak for almost two weeks?

“This incident came to light on June 2 when four workers from the factory were detected with high radiation levels after they had gone to the AELB office.

“However, it was only on June 15 that the minister released his short statement,” Sivarasa said.

In his statement, Ongkili said “the radiation reading on one of the workers exceeded more than 400 times the normal reading”.

He also said that the AELB found that the reading at the factory was more than 100 times the normal reading.

“It is absolutely necessary to allay the fears of the public… I demand that Ongkili immediately release the full information including the name, location and nature of business of the factory,” he said.

Poor handling

Kelana Jaya MP Loh Gwo Burne described the incident as “very disturbing”.

“The incident is cause for grave concern to whoever works and lives in the area.

“By merely passing by the factory, there is a chance that the radiation has spread to the public. This is very disturbing,” he said, adding that the government needs to provide more information on this matter.

Also present was Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh, who is leading the fight against the construction of a radioactive rare-earth plant in Gebeng, Kuantan.

“This government says that it puts the people first but it always acts otherwise,” Fuziah said.

“We need to know what kind of radiation this is and its life-span. Don’t just come out with the details; tells us also what corrective measures (have been taken to handle the situation),” she said.

When asked what the Selangor government was doing about the matter, Fuziah said that Selangor exco member Elizabeth Wong had tried to obtain more information on the matter from the AELB.

But Wong, who is in charge of Tourism, Consumer Affairs and the Environment, was being given the runaround.

“Wong has been given the runaround. The AELB has refused to furnish her with the details. They keep asking her to refer to the ministry.

“How can the Selangor government take action (in this case)?” Fuziah asked, referring to a text message from Wong explaining her situation.

The MPs also criticised the federal government for not reassuring the public properly.

“If a problem of this small nature cannot be handled properly, can you imagine Lynas case, which is on a larger scale,” Fuziah said.

Extract of Handsard – PKR Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh Debates Lynas Issues In Parliament On 15th June 2011 (Perbahasan Pindaan Akta Lembaga Kemajuan Perindustrian Malaysia)

Perbahasan MP PKR Kuantan YB Fuziah Salleh Di Parlimen Berkenaan Isu Lynas

Perbahasan MP PKR Kuantan YB Fuziah Salleh Di Parlimen Berkenaan Isu Lynas

15 June 201
4.47 ptg.

Puan Fuziah Salleh [Kuantan]: Terima kasih Tuan Yang di-Pertua. Saya ingin turut serta membahaskan di dalam membahas meminda Akta Lembaga Kemajuan Perindustrian Malaysia.

Saya bermula dengan menegaskan bahawa saya sesungguhnya menyokong pelaburan demi pembangunan negara. Akan tetapi pembangunan yang bagaimana yang kita inginkan ataupun investment bagaimana yang kita inginkan? Saya ingin membawa investment atau pelaburan ini seiring dengan sustainable development ataupun pembangunan lestari. Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan pembangunan lestari? Izinkan saya Tuan Yang di-Pertua, sustainable development ataupun pembangunan lestari is a pattern of recourse used that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present but also for the generation to come without compromise.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, pembangunan lestari ialah satu konsep yang telah pun diterima pakai oleh Majlis Perbandaran Kuantan pada tahun 2001 dengan menandatangani Local Agenda 21. Majlis Perbandaran Kuantan committed kepada pembangunan lestari dan pembangunan lestari ini menerima segala bentuk pelaburan dan segala bentuk pembangunan. Akan tetapi ianya mestilah lestari seiring dengan konsep pembangunan lestari atau sustainable development yang saya sudah berikan definisi sebentar tadi.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, seiring dengan penggantian seksyen 6, functions of authority yang mengatakan bahawa ada pindaan pada seksyen 6, akta ibu digantikan dengan seksyen 6 di mana seksyen 6 bercakap berkenaan dengan undertake research and planning on methods relating investment in the manufacturing and service sectors. Jadi maksudnya di sini, ini adalah satu usaha yang dialu-alukan kerana tanpa kajian dan tanpa research besar kemungkinan MIDA membuat keputusan yang silap dari segi menarik pelaburan. Contoh Lynas Corporation yang

DR. 15.6.2011
94

akan membina loji nadir bumi di Gebeng, Kuantan ialah satu contoh di mana MIDA membuat keputusan yang silap dan bercanggah dengan sustainable development.

1650

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, Lynas Corporation membeli mengambil alih Syarikat Ashturn Rare Earth di Amerika. Ashturn Rare Earth telah pun mendapat lesen untuk membina loji yang sama di satu daerah district di Australia tempatnya namanya Mina di Northern. Mereka, Lynas?Corporation membeli daripada mengambil alih syarikat ini daripada Ashturn Rare Earth. Ashtrun Rare Earth telah pun mendapat kelulusan untuk membina loji nadir bumi di Australia pada tahun 1992. Melombong di Mount Weld, memproses di Mina district yang lain. Ianya mengambil masa 12 jam melalui kereta api. Di dalam lesen yang diluluskan oleh Kerajaan Australia yang diregulatekan ataupun yang akan dikuatkuasakan oleh Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ada 41 komitmen yang Ashturn Rare Earth kena ikut. Ini tahun 1992, saya belum cakap lagi best practice pada masa sekarang ini dalam konteks sustainable development.

Apa yang perlu mereka beri komitmen bahawa transport (pengangkutan) daripada Mount Weld itu perlu diselia dengan rapi supaya tidak ada kebocoran. Supaya apabila ada accident (kemalangan) diambil kira segala langkah keselamatan. Kemudian, apabila sampai ke tapak?pemprosesan di kilang tersebut, di loji tersebut mesti ada buffer zone mesti tidak ada resident ataupun penduduk dekat dengan situ. Ada internal buffer zone, ada external buffer zone, kena monitor ground water, tidak boleh ada air di bawah tanah yang boleh dicemari dengan spillage atau tumpahan sisa buangan.

Kemudian juga, dalam lesen tersebut disebut bahawa sisa radioaktif mesti dihantar balik kepada Mount Weld dan ditanam di Mount Weld. Itu pada tahun 1992, apabila EPA Australia?meluluskan lesen kepada Ashturn Rare Earth. Setiap kali Australia EPA meluluskan dan?memperbaharui lesen 1998, lesen itu diperbaharui. Mereka menambah kepada syarat-syarat keselamatan.

Kemudian, saya ada maklumat terkini pada tahun 2011 tahun ini 1 April, sewaktu EPA meluluskan pembaharuan lesen kepada concentration plant di Mount Weld. Mereka melaporkan bahawa Lynas Corporation tidak menepati syarat dan dari segi keselamatan Lynas Corporation perlu memperbetulkan storage lining fertility yang telah ditetapkan yang tidak diikuti.

Poin saya di sini, Australia ada Freedom of Information. Rakyat boleh tahu apa yang dilakukan oleh kerajaan. Rakyat bersama-sama di dalam proses membuat keputusan tetapi di Malaysia, MIDA membawa Lynas Corporation ke Terengganu setelah menawarkan 12 tahun tax free (bebas cukai). Strategic Finest Status dibawa ke Terengganu pada tahun 2007. Terengganu mengambil masa untuk meluluskannya. Terengganu minta pandangan daripada pakar-pakar alam sekitar.

Kemudian, MIDA membawa Lynas Corporation ke Pahang. Pahang meluluskan dalam masa yang begitu cepat. Malah, report EIA, preliminary EIA yang dibuat oleh Lynas Corporation

DR. 15.6.2011
95

sendiri oleh satu konsultan yang namanya Amviron Consultant dibentangkan kepada Jabatan Alam Sekitar, Pahang pada 20 Januari 2008. Diluluskan pada 15 Februari 2008. Masa tiga?minggu untuk meluluskan EIA.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, ini bercanggah dengan sustainable development ataupun pembangunan lestari yang diamalkan, yang ditandatangani oleh Majlis Perbandaran Kuantan.

Rakyat langsung tidak diminta pandangan. Sehinggalah saya membawa isu ini ke Parlimen pada bulan November 2008 barulah MOSTI datang ke Pahang, barulah MOSTI datang ke Kuantan pada awal 2009. Itu pun tidak membuat konsultasi dengan rakyat, hanya berjumpa dengan wakil rakyat dan ketua-ketua jabatan pada ketika itu.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, point saya di sini itu tentang sustainable development. Lynas Corporation juga di dalam kertas cadangan mereka kepada UPEN Terengganu menyatakan?bahawa sisa buangan mereka tidak radioaktif. Kerana apa? Kerana ianya di bawah paras yang?dipanggil radioaktif. Mereka menggunakan standard negeri China. Standard negeri China?meletakkan tahap ataupun paras itu kepada 74 becquerels per gram dan waste ataupun sisa buangan daripada Lynas Corporation nanti daripada loji ini ialah 61 becquerels per gram.

Ahli Yang Berhormat boleh tengok Radiological Impact Assessment (RIA) reports yang sekarang terpamer yang dulu kita tidak dapat. Apabila kita dah buat bising baru hendak pamer. Apabila kita sudah buat bising baru hendak tunjuk EIA report. Tuan Yang di-Pertua, RIA report mengesahkan bahawa tahap radio aktif di dalam sisa buangan yang keluar daripada loji nadir bumi di Gebeng nanti ialah 61 becquerels per gram. Sedangkan, sekiranya Lynas Corporation buat loji ini di Australia, paras yang digunakan oleh Australian, Australian Environment Protection Authority (EPA) di Australia ialah 1 becquerels per gram. 1 becquerels per gram saya ulang.

Di kilang mereka di Mount Weld sekeliling 30 kilometer radius tidak ada seorang pun penduduk. Sekitar 25 kilometer tidak ada sumber air bawah tanah tetapi di Gebeng kita ada 15 ribu penduduk sekitar tiga kilometer radius. Kita ada 700,000 ribu penduduk sekitar 30 kilometer radius. Sehingga hari ini Lynas Corporation belum ada satu konkrit waste management plan. Ini Yang Berhormat Menteri MOSTI boleh sahkan. Belum ada sedangkan kilang ini dijangkakan beroperasi pada bulan September. Bagaimana kita menjamin keselamatan penduduk-penduduk di sekitar? Siapa yang akan bertanggungjawab? Memang boleh selamat kalau ikut A, B, C, D. Saya tidak pertikaikan perkara itu. Akan tetapi sekiranya dalam keadaan ada kemalangan, ada human error siapa yang akan bertanggungjawab?

Dalam kategori waste Lynas Corporation ini, Lynas Corporation tidak berterus terang mereka menggunakan standard negeri China. Oleh kerana MIDA tidak buat research, oleh kerana MIDA percaya bulat-bulat apa yang Lynas Corporation katakan dalam kertas mereka.

Lynas Corporation kata tidak ada torium. Dalam EIA dia tidak sebut kan uranium pun. Dia sebut sikit tentang torium. Akan tetapi, di dalam report dia tidak ada torium. Akan tetapi, bacalah balik

DR. 15.6.2011
96

kertas kerja UPEN itu ada ThO2. Apa itu para-para saintis? Bukankah ThO2 itu thorium dioxide.

Terima kasihlah kepada Yang Berhormat Kota Belud beritahu kepada orang semua yang saya ada MBA. Itu menunjukkan bahawa saya ada kemampuan untuk membuat keputusan yang betul berkenaan dengan pengurusan.

Memang saya bukan pakar dari segi nuklear atau atomic tetapi saya duduk dengan pakar. Saya bincang dengan pakar. Tiap-tiap hari saya tanya pandangan pakar. Saya mahu jadi Ahli Parlimen yang bertanggungjawab dan saya bagi tahu memang MIDA terlepas pandang perkara ini di dalam membawa investment Lynas Corporation ke Malaysia. MIDA hanya lihat kepada keuntungan. Memang ini adalah industri strategik tetapi ia juga membawa bersamanya bahaya. Dalam proses refinery ini dia ada satu proses yang dipanggil cracking and separation di?mana galian rare earth itu yang melekat bersamanya uranium dan torium terpaksa dipisahkan untuk mendapat rare earth yang mahal itu. Jumlah eksport akan berjumlah RM8 bilion setahun.

RM8 bilion setahun. Jumlah pekerja 350, cukai kosong selama 12 tahun.

1700

Apakah keputusan ini satu keputusan yang wajar di dalam keadaan risikonya terlalu tinggi. Sungai Balok sebelah sahaja dengan kilang tersebut. Sungai Balok akan membawa ke?laut. Kalau Yang Berhormat Menteri sungguh-sungguh ikhlas ajak saya bersama, saya tunjuk bukti. Akan tetapi kenapa tidak panggil? Kenapa menolak apabila kita minta hendak jumpa, apabila saya hendak bawa orang Kuantan ajak bincang bagaimana kita sama-sama pilih panelpanel pakar antarabangsa? Kita di sini undang-undang kita tidak meletakkan Kementerian?Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar sebagai regulator.

Di sini AELB ialah regulator, bukan Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar. Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar tidak ada kuasa untuk regulate. Bagaimana mungkin AELB hendak melihat kepada masalah kesihatan nanti. Masalah pencemaran udara, masalah pencemaran sungai. Kemudian kalau laut tercemar Kuantan merupakan di antara pelabuhan perikanan yang terbesar di Malaysia. Kalau tercemar laut-laut kita bukan sahaja di Malaysia industri perikanan kita akan tercemar malah serantau Asia juga akan tercemar. Di sebelah Gebeng itu ialah Club Med.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, siapa hendak bercuti di Kuantan? Siapa yang hendak pergi bercuti untuk?mendapat radiasi? Siapa yang hendak pergi bercuti to a radioactive holiday?

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, kita ada industri makanan laut, kita ada industri keropok lekor, kita ada industri ikan bakar, bagaimana mungkin MIDA terlepas pandang semua itu? Semua ini akan hancur dan?Kuantan akan menjadi satu bandar mati.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, isu ini bukan isu teknikal semata-mata. Isu ini ialah isu yang melibatkan keselamatan, kesihatan orang awam dan bukan dalam jumlah yang sedikit. Oleh sebab itulah Malaysian Medical Association, telah pun membuat satu kenyataan yang tegas?bahawa kilang ini berbahaya. Sebab itu saya hendak tanya kepada Ahli-ahli Parlimen sebelah

DR. 15.6.2011
97

sana, apa yang sungguh-sungguh hendak tahan sangat Lynas ini, 100% milik Australia. Kenapa kita sanggup mempergadaikan dan memperjudikan keselamatan orang kita sendiri? Apa yang Yang Berhormat dapat, melainkan adalah projek atau apakah? Jadi dia tidak bayar cukai dia senang sahaja hendak bayar lain-lain.

Saya tidak menuduh, tetapi tolong Tuan Yang di-Pertua held your heart in the right place. Buat keputusan yang betul. Investment tidak mengapa. Must be the right investment. Must be sustainable. Dalam konteks itu MIDA harus perkemaskan usaha mereka dalam research MIDA sebelum meluluskan mana-mana investment. Mesti meletakkan kepentingan berteraskan?pembangunan lestari tadi.

Ir. Haji Hamim bin Samuri [Ledang]: Minta penjelasan.

Puan Fuziah Salleh [Kuantan]: Saya ulang.

Timbalan Yang di-Pertua [Datuk Dr. Wan Junaidi bin Tuanku Jaafar]: Yang?Berhormat Ledang bangun Yang Berhormat.

Puan Fuziah Salleh [Kuantan]: Okey.

Ir. Haji Hamim bin Samuri [Ledang]: Terima kasih Tuan Yang di-Pertua. Terima kasih
Yang Berhormat Kuantan. Saya sebenarnya simpati dengan semua perkara yang dibangkitkan oleh Yang Berhormat Kuantan. Sebenarnya saya juga amat bimbang dengan beberapa kemungkinan yang buruk yang berlaku akibat daripada pembinaan kilang Lynas tersebut.

Daripada satu sudut saya amat bersetuju dengan pandangan Yang Berhormat Kuantan dan saya?bersetuju dan saya juga menyokong apa-apa tindakan yang perlu dibuat ke atas kilang tersebut termasuk keluar daripada negara kita tetapi dengan syarat. Syaratnya ialah kita mesti juga memperakui semua laporan keputusan yang dibuat oleh pakar-pakar, saya tidak ingin bias mana-mana.

Maksudnya Yang Berhormat Kuantan, saya menyokong Yang Berhormat Kuantan tetapi dengan syarat sekiranya pendapat-pendapat semua pakar itu yang telah diiktiraf di peringkat antarabangsa kita terima dan membuat satu keputusan yang tegas bahawa memang kilang tersebut berbahaya boleh mengeluarkan radioaktif dengan sebagainya, membunuh alam sekitar menyebabkan kerosakan alam saya setuju.

Saya akan menunggu apa juga keputusan yang dibuat nanti walaupun sudah ada keputusan awal yang akan dibuat oleh pakar-pakar seperti IEA dan sebagainya, oleh badan atom antarabangsa dan semua pakar yang berkaitan dengan radioaktif. Jadi Yang Berhormat Kuantan itu pendirian saya sebab kita ada berdiskusi di siber maya sana. Akan tetapi dengan syarat mesti kita akur dengan pendapat-pendapat tersebut. Sekian, terima kasih.

Puan Fuziah Salleh [Kuantan]: Okey terima kasih Yang Berhormat Ledang. Betullah memang kita, sebaik-baiknya kita hendak menerima pandangan panel antarabangsa. Saya pun meletakkan harapan kepada panel antarabangsa ini. Cuma ini perkara yang saya hendak tegaskan juga kepada MITI. Panel antarabangsa ini pertama mereka adalah promoter of nuclear.

Bagaimana mungkin promoter jadi regulator? Dari segi prinsipnya salah, itu yang pertama. Dia

DR. 15.6.2011
98

mesti ada separation promoter dengan regulator tidak boleh badan yang sama. Panel ini Tuan Yang di-Pertua adalah promoter of nuclear. Bagaimana mungkin mereka regulate projek ini. Itu yang pertama.

Kedua, mereka juga akui dalam pertemuan mereka bersama saya bahawa di dalam panel mereka sembilan orang itu tidak ada seorang pun public health expert. Mereka membawa nuclear expert ada seorang daripada Kanada dan mereka juga membawa environmental engineer. Mereka tidak membawa pakar public health. Maksudnya di situ ada gap dari segi?kepakaran yang mereka bawa dan mereka mengaku kepada saya dari segi lantikan tersebut.

Jadi sebab itu mereka juga mengatakan bahawa keputusan mereka ialah keputusan teknikal. Repot mereka nanti ialah repot teknikal. Mereka tidak boleh terlibat dengan dasar mereka kata. Apa maksud repot teknikal? Saya boleh bayangkan, kilang ini boleh selamat jika diambil kira segala concern kita dan untuk memastikan ianya selamat, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, mesti dipatuhi. Kalau Lynas di Australia di mana regulationnya begitu ketat terbukti tidak ikut peraturan, terbukti melanggar ketetapan dan peraturan yang ditetapkan bagaimana mungkin Lynas boleh comply di Malaysia. Ini saya tidak yakin. Dalam keadaan kita tidak ada EPA, kita tidak ada undang-undang alam sekitar yang ketat. Kita punya regulator ialah AELB yang tidak ada mandat untuk melihat kepada permasalahan alam sekitar. Bagaimana mungkin kita hendak monitor dan regulate apa dia cadangan-cadangan IEA. Itu permasalahan orang Kuantan sekarang ini.

Ini saya minta MITI tengok betul-betul sebab MIDA di dalam membuat keputusan tadi tidak memegang kepada prinsip pembangunan lestari. Saya bukan tolak semata-mata kerana saya suka untuk tolak, tetapi kerana ianya satu permasalahan yang sungguh-sungguh harus kita?ambil kira. Ianya melibatkan orang ramai, ianya melibatkan keselamatan awam, ianya melibatkan masalah. Kalau di Australia mereka kata risk. Kalau risiko kilang itu satu dalam sejuta pun mereka tolak inikan pula kita ada 15,000 penduduk dalam radius dua atau tiga kilometer sahaja keliling kilang.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, orang Kuantan kalau mengikut Local Agenda 21, rakyat Kuantan mesti diajak berunding sebelum lesen itu dikeluarkan oleh majlis perbandaran. Akan tetapi perkara itu tidak berlaku. Kalau rakyat Kuantan diajak berunding rakyat Kuantan akan tolak projek itu dan ini terbukti dengan 51,000 tandatangan yang telah menuntut supaya lesen operasi tidak dikeluarkan oleh AELB pada bulan September. Tuan Yang di-Pertua, best practice yang terkini ada di Australia, Syarikat Arafura, best practice pada hari ini ada di Molycorp di Mountain Pass, California. Syaratnya terlalu ketat, kalau Yang Berhormat boleh baca Repot EU Parlimen, kita Ahli Parlimen tentu sekali boleh baca Repot EU Parlimen.

1710

Bagaimana best practice ini akan diguna pakai sekiranya mereka mahu membuat kilang yang sama di California dan juga di Australia. Di suatu tempat yang manusia tidak ada, di suatu?tempat yang tidak ada banjir, yang kering, di dessert, di tempat arid, ada buffer zone, internal,

DR. 15.6.2011
99

external dan segala monitoring ground water dan sebagainya. Malah, di Mountain Pass, Molycorp disuruh untuk dikeringkan supaya tidak ada air dan kemudian ditanam dengan lead?walls. Akan tetapi, Lynas di Gebeng kata mereka hendak simpan dalam open pond forever dan mereka kata selamat sebab di bawah tahap radioaktif waste dan mereka kata selamat di bawah tahap sebab mereka guna standard negara China. Mereka tidak guna standard negara Australia.

Tuan Yang di-Pertua, sebab itulah saya ingin akhiri hujah saya dengan mengatakan di sini bahawa MIDA bertanggungjawab untuk membawa segala pelaburan, MIDA bertanggungjawab untuk membawa pelaburan yang sihat, yang membangunkan negara, MIDA?bertanggungjawab juga untuk membuat satu keputusan yang betul. Tanpa research, dengan mengambil kira bulat-bulat apa yang mereka beri kepada kita, kita mudah tertipu. Mereka adalah negara dunia kelas pertama. Jangan benarkan mereka buat begini kepada kita negara kelas?ketiga dengan alasan pembangunan, investment, kesenangan, kekayaan. Orang Kuantan tidak?bodoh.

Cost versus benefit, benefit versus risk mesti diambil kira. Dalam hal ini, saya tegaskan di sini MIDA buat silap dan AELB tidak boleh keluarkan lesen operasi. Orang Kuantan tidak akan?izinkan. Terima kasih Tuan Yang di-Pertua. [Tepuk]

http://www.parlimen.gov.my/files/hindex/pdf/DR-15062011.pdf

The Malaysian Insider – Regulator says Lynas radiation impact report not good enough

By Shannon Teoh

June 15, 2011

KUALA LUMPUR, June 15 — Local regulators Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) admitted today that the radiological impact assessment (RIA) of the controversial RM700 million rare earth plant in Kuantan was incomplete and that Australian miner Lynas Corp would have to submit another before it is allowed to operate.

Director general Raja Datuk Abdul Aziz Raja Adnan (picture) said today that the RIA, prepared by government agency Nuklear Malaysia, was only sufficient for the site and construction licenses granted up to this point but does not address operating and decommissioning stages.

“It’s true that the RIA is not good enough for the whole process. They have to submit another,” he said to investors at a luncheon organised by Malaysian Industrial Development Finance (MIDF) Berhad.

Although the RIA, that was made available for public viewing at the end of May, declared the project to be safe but recommended that the report be revised again when operational data from the plant being built in the Gebeng industrial zone is obtained.

The RIA also said that the general public will receive no additional radiation from the refinery plant workers will be exposed to an average of 13 millisiverts (mSv) annually for the first 10 years of operations.

However, it said that if radioactive waste, which local residents and environmentalists fear will lead to diseases such as cancer and birth defects, is allowed to be stored onsite, the public will receive doses as high as 6.23 mSv/year in 1,500 years’ time.

The government bowed to public pressure in April, putting the project on ice pending a month-long review by a team of international experts.

The review panel was in Malaysia two weeks ago to meet local stakeholders and will submit recommendations to the government by the end of the month.

Lynas was due to apply for a pre-operating license but the process was frozen due to the review. It is confident that the review will not delay plans to begin operations in September.

It expects an RM8 billion windfall from the refinery when it goes into full capacity by 2013, producing rare earth metals that are crucial for high technology products such as smartphones, hybrid cars and wind turbines.