31 Oktober 2011 – Isu Lynas – Menteri MITI – MP PKR Kuantan
MP PKR Kuantan Minta Menteri MITI tidak Jadi Jurucakap Lynas. YB Hjh Fuziah Salleh merayu supaya Menteri Perdagangan Antarabangsa dan Industri sewaktu perbahasan Belanjawan 2012 tidak menjadi jurucakap Lynas pada 31 Okt 2011.
MP PKR Kuantan, YB Fuziah Salleh Bahas Belanjawan 2012 (dan juga isu Lynas) pada 18 Okt 2011
The Kuantan MP replies to criticisms by Lynas-hired Nick Tsurikov.
PETALING JAYA: Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh today shot back at radiation expert Nick Tsurikov, who has disputed statements she made recently regarding the dangers posed by the rare earth project in Gebeng, near Kuantan.
She criticised his analysis as “shallow” and questioned his standing as an independent expert, noting that he was hired by Lynas Corp, the Australian mining company that is setting up the Gebeng operations.
In a letter to Fuziah dated Aug 29, Tsurikov disputed several statements that she made in an interview on TV PAS. Fauziah, who is a vice president in PKR, made the letter public today and gave her replies to his ciriticisms.
She said Tsukirov had chosen a “narrow-tunnel” perspective to “put in a shallow analysis”.
“He is looking from a radiation perspective whereas we are facing a multi-faceted issue.”
She also said Tsurikov, who is based in Australia, was unable to understand the seriousness of the situation.
One of Tsukirov’s objections was against Fuziah’s claim that Lynas would follow standard practices in China. He said the allegation was not supported by documentation or any other evidence.
In response to this, Fuziah quoted reports alleging that Lynas was using China Standards GB9133-88 as a benchmark.
“I mentioned that there are no rare earth refineries in operation outside China at the moment. Thus we do not have a benchmark. Neither do we have a best practice in rare earth refining.”
Tsurikov also disputed Fuziah’s claims about possible uranium leakages into the water system. To this, the MP pointed out the Balok river’s proximity to the Gebeng industrial zone.
“Our technical team is very concerned that some of the uranium will be dissolved during the process of extraction at high temperature using acids,” she said.
Fuziah denied calling for the closure of all rare earth plants in the world, in response to Tsurikov’s remark that consumers would be denied a vast array of products and services if such operations were closed down.
13th Sept 2011
Dear Mr Nick Tsurikov
Your letter dated 29th August 2011 and comments on my interview with TV PAS titled Perceptions – Why we must Stop Lynas is referred to. I am sorry for the late reply. It’s due to the busy schedule in Ramadhan as well as the long Eid Holidays plus the fact that some of the experts in our team being overseas. Anyway, here is the reply.
Much as I appreciate your interest in my interview, and with all due respect, I find that your comments to my interview are grossly out of order and based on many wrong perceptions of my actual response in the interview. You have misinterpreted and misunderstood many of my statements, (either intentionally or unintentionally) and in some instance, even accuse me of saying things which I didn’t.
Considering that you’ve been advising Lynas Corporation on issues of radiation, I cannot dismiss the possibility that you may have been instructed by Lynas Corporation to write to me. However, I will give you the benefit of the doubt by accepting your sincerity to discuss the issues openly with my team of experts as well as with myself.
Please refer back to the video of the interview on you tube “Perceptions -Why We Must Stop Lynas” in answer to all your issues below.
1. It was very clear in the video clip that I was referring to “No Benchmark” and “No Best Practise Guidelines” to a rare earth refinery. I was not referring to radiation alone. Furthermore I didn’t even mention the word radiation. I mentioned that there’s no rare earth refinery in operations outside China at the moment thus we do not have a benchmark neither do we have a best practise in rare earth refinery, unlike other chemical plants…
2. The China Standards: Attachment 1 – Please refer to the proposal from Lynas Corp which was presented to ?our government in the early stages. Under the title “Deportment of Radioactivity” It is self-explanatory that Lynas Corp at that time plans to get away from the responsibility of managing the radioactive waste re – LAMP by declaring that the waste from its plant is not radioactive. It was using the China Standards GB9133-88 as benchmark. Furthermore, you may have noticed that the IAEA safety standards for Radioactive Waste Classification. IAEA No. GSG-1, was not mentioned anywhere in the EIA report for LAMP neither was it mentioned by IAEA in their peer review report on Lynas. Lynas Corp had not shown any commitments in any of its documentation to the IAEA standards right from the beginning till now.
3. The statement “in Australia even to extract the rare earth elements it is mandatory for the operations to be located 35 kms from residential areas” was never ever mentioned by me. I suggest it’s best that you have a look at the video clip again. To accuse me of having misled the public on this issue and statement is grossly bad faith on your part in a situation when it was not even said by me. On other occasions, whenever I was referring to the 30 km radius, I was referring to the Mt Weld Concentration Plant, vis-a-vis LAMP which is being built in a densely populated area within its 30 km radius.
4. The discussion on the specific radioactivity is provided by our consultant Dr Lee Chee Hong – a Chemical Engineer with an expertise on metal corrosion. Dr Lee quotes that “The activity concentration of the water leach purification (WLP) solid waste is reportedly 6.2 Bq/g, (IAEA Report) this puts the LAMP’s WLP waste in the Low Level Waste (LLW) category. It is recommended by the IAEA GSG, this waste requires robust isolation and containment for periods of up to a few hundred years and is suitable for disposal in engineered near surface facilities.”
5. Please refer to the Video clip again. When I was talking about alpha, I was referring to the radiation in the context the penetration distance and it being not so dangerous in that sense. To take it out of context is so unprofessional of someone with your background and expertise. The comments about the dust have been provided by our consultant on public health. Dr Chan Chee Khoon an epidemiologist. He quotes “Equally important, current international radiation standards have yet to deal satisfactorily with the contentious issues plaguing CERRIE’s deliberations on internal emitters”
ref: ECRR 2010 (p.7):
the present radiological safety models are largely accurate for external irradiation situations involving doses greater than 100 mSv so long as the exposures are well defined and uniform, but break down where calculations involving averaging methods are used to examine non-uniform doses in microscopic tissue volumes. It is the microscopic distribution of ionizing events in tissue, from the point of view both of the external field and of the medium of absorption, which is the critical factor in radiobiological damage and this has not been modelled by the physics-based ICRP model which largely ignores molecular interactions, dealing rather with average energy transfer. (Attachment 2)
6. I am aware that MP Robin Chapple has been to see you. According to your good self Uranium waste from LAMP will be stripped in Kuantan – I am sure you can recall your conversation with Hon Robin Chapple during his visit to Lynas Corporation sometime in May. Do you realise that Balok river is just next to the Gebeng Industrial zone and it leads to the sea. Our technical team is very concerned that some of the uranium will be dissolved during the process of extraction at high temperature using acids. After the centrifugal process to separate the solid from the liquid the dissolved uranium may be discharged as part of the liquid waste. Balok River leads to the sea and Kuantan harbours one of the largest fishing port in the region with 390 deep sea trawlers registered. These are real concerns that should never be dismissed.
7. Again you are putting words into my mouth. I never said we should close all plants that produce radioactive waste. I do not think that you can ever understand the seriousness of the situation, considering that you’re based in Australia. My greatest concern is that LAMP should never have been approved to be located in Gebeng or anywhere in Malaysia. Lynas Corp have the license to operate a secondary processing plant in Meenar, Western Australia. The commitments laid down by EPA were so stringent. Why is it Lynas does not follow the same commitments here in Malaysia?
As a conclusion, In order to make a decision regarding the safety of LAMP it involves inputs from various disciplines, and not radiation alone. Once you appreciate that, then only you will understand the angle where we’re coming from.
Thank You and Best Regards,
MP for Kuantan
3 Reference Links (in PDF files):
Nick Tsurikov’s letter dated 29th August 2011 to Kuantan MP YB Fuziah Salleh: http://normreport.com/random/2011.08.29.NT-letter.pdf
China Hush – Stories of China
[QQ] October 14, 2009, the 30th annual awards ceremony of the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund took place at the Asia Society in New York City. Lu Guang (卢广) from People?s Republic of China won the $30,000 W. Eugene Smith Grant in Humanistic Photography for his documentary project ?Pollution in China.?
Lu Guang (卢广), freelancer photographer, started as an amateur photographer in 1980. He was a factory worker, later started his own photo studio and advertising agency. August of 1993 he returned to post-graduate studies at the Central Arts and Design Academy in Beijing (now is the Academy of Arts and Design, Tsinghua University). During graduate school, he studied, traveled all over the country and carved out a career, became the ?dark horse? of the photographer circle in Beijing. Skilled at social documentary photography, his insightful, creative and artistic work often focused on ?social phenomena and people living at the bottom of society?, attracted the attentions of the national photography circle and the media. Many of his award winning works focused on social issues like, ?gold rush in the west?, ?drug girl?, ?small coal pit?, ?HIV village?, ?the Grand Canal?, ?development of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway? and so on.
1. ?At the junction of Ningxia province and Inner Mongolia province, I saw a tall chimney puffing out golden smoke covering the blue sky, large tracts of the grassland have become industrial waste dumps; unbearable foul smell made people want to cough; Surging industrial sewage flowed into the Yellow River??
– Lu Guang
2. Chemical waste from Jiangsu Taixing Chemical Industrial District (江苏泰兴化工园区) dumped on top of the Yangtze River bank. May 15, 2009
3. Fan Jai Zhuang in Anyang City, Henan province, (河南安阳市范家庄) there is only one wall separating this village from the steelmaking furnaces. The villagers live in this heavily polluted environment where the village is under the iron rain every day. March 24, 2008
4. Industrial sewage of Zhejiang Xiaoshan Industrial District (浙江萧山化工园区) eventually flowed into Qiantang River. April 24, 2009
5. Henan Anyang iron and steel plant?s (河南安阳钢铁厂) sewage flowed into Anyang River. March 25, 2008
6. Guiyu, Guangdong province, (广东省贵屿镇) rivers and reservoirs have been contaminated, the villager is washing in a seriously polluted pond. November 25, 2005
7. Shizuishan Industrial district in Ningxia province (宁夏石嘴山湖滨工业园区), the tall chimneys spitted out smoke and dust. Residents took preventive measure for the falling dust from the sky when going outside. April 22, 2006
8. In the Yellow Sea coastline, countless sewage pipes buried in the beach and even extending into the deep sea. April 28, 2008
9. In Ma?anshan, Anhui province (安徽马鞍山), along the Yangtze River there are many small-scaled Iron selection factories and plastic processing plants. Large amounts of sewage discharged into the Yangtze River June 18, 2009
10. In Inner Mongolia there were 2 ?black dragons? from the Lasengmiao Power Plant (内蒙古拉僧庙发电厂) covering the nearby villages. July 26, 2005
11. Jiangsu province Changshu City Fluorine Chemical industry land sewage treatment plant (江苏省常熟市氟化学工业园污水处理厂) was responsible for collection and processing of the industrial sewage. However they did not, the sewage pipe was extended 1500 meters under the Yangtze River and releasing the sewage there. 2009 June 11
12. Soil by Yangtze River, was polluted by Anhui Province Ma?anshan Chemical Industrial District (安徽省马鞍山化工园区). June 26, 2009
13. Large amount of the industrial wastewater flowed to Yellow River from Inner Mongolia Lasengmiao Industrial District (内蒙古拉僧庙工业园区) every day. July 26, 2005
14. A Large amount of the chemical wastewater discharged into Yangtze River from Zhenjiang Titanium mill (镇江市钛粉厂) every day. Less than 1,000 meters away downstream is where the water department of Danyang City gets its water from. June 10, 2009
15. In Haimen city, Jiangsu province Chemical Industrial District sewage treatment Plant (江苏省海门市化工园区污水处理厂) discharged wastewater into Yangtze River. June 5, 2009
16. Hebei Province Shexian Tianjin Iron and steel plant (河北省涉县天津钢铁厂) is a heavily polluting company. Company scale is still growing, seriously affecting the lives of local residents. March 18, 2008
17. Longmen town in Hanchen city, Shaanxi Province (陕西省韩城市龙门镇) has large-scaled industrial development. Environment is very seriously polluted there. April 8, 2008
18. There are over 100 chemical plants in Jiangsu province coastal industry district. (江苏滨海头罾沿海化工园区) Some of them discharge wastewater into the ocean; some heavily contaminated sewage is stored in 5 ?Sewage Temporary Pools?. During the 2 high tides in every month, the sewage then gets discharged into the ocean with the tides. June 20, 2008
19. Jiangxi Province Hu Ko County Chemical Industry district (江西省胡口县化工园区) is by the Yangtze River. Chemical factory landfill the Yangtze River bank to expand the scale of the factory without authorization.
20. Anhui Province Cihu Chemical Industry District (安徽省慈湖化工园区) built a underground pipe to discharge wastewater into the Yangtze River. The wastewater sometimes is black, gray, dark red, or yellow, wastewater from different chemical factories has different colors. June 18, 2009
21. Shanxi Province is the most polluted areas of China. It is also the province with the highest rate of birth defects. This loving farmer couple adopted 17 disabled children. April 15, 2009
?In Some areas of China people?s lives were threatened because of the environmental pollution. Residents suffering from all kinds of obscured diseases, the cancer villages, increase of deformed babies, these were the results of sacrificing environment and blindly seeking economical gain.?
– Lu Guang
22. Elder shepherd by the Yellow River cannot stand the smell. April 23, 2006
23. 15-year-old boy from Tianshui, Gansu Province (甘肃天水), dropped out of the school after 2nd grade, followed his parents to Heilonggui (黑龙贵) Industrial District. He earns 16 yuan a day. April 8, 2005
24. Inner Mongolia province Heilonggui (黑龙贵) Industrial District, the couple who worked at the Plaster Kiln and just got home. March 22, 2007
25. Villagers from Kang village in Linfen City, Shanxi Province (山西省临汾市下康村) due to long-term consumption of the polluted water contaminated by industrial waste, there were 50 people who have cancer and cerebral thrombosis. 64-year-old Wang Baosheng got ill since 2003, he has fester all over his body so he cannot go to bed and lying face down on the edge of the bed each day. July 10, 2005
26. Breathing in large amount of dust into the lungs, people gets sick after working there for 1-2 years. Most of these migrant workers come from area of poverty. April 10, 2005
27. Zhangqiao village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan Province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的张桥村), a 45-year-old woman Sun Xiaojun (孙晓军) could not move her feet and hands since 4 years ago. The numerous hospital treatments were not effective. April 7, 2009
28. Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的赵庄村), 66-year-old Zhao Bingkun suffering from esophageal cancer since 2004, after the second surgery, treatment cost already have reached over 200,000 yuan. His condition is in late stage, he is having fever everyday, waiting for death. April 7, 2009
29. Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (洪河边的河南省西平县张于庄村), Gao Wanshun?s (高万顺) wife died of cancer. Now he lives in poverty. April 3, 2009
30. Linfen City in Shanxi province (山西临汾市) is seriously polluted area. Farmers after working in the cotton fields for 2 hours are filled with coal ashes. September 24 2007
31. Salt factory worker in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province (江苏连云港) said angrily, ?when the wind blowing towards our side, the foul smell from the chemical factories is unbearable. There is even more poison gas at night.? July 19, 2008
32. People form Fanjiazhuang (范家庄) are ready to submit a complain filled with their fingerprints, to seek compensation for pollution damages. March 19, 2008
33. In Shanxi Province there are a lot of charitable nursing homes, to help disabled infants abandoned by their parents. April 14, 2009
34. Liujiawan village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province (河南省舞钢市洪河边的刘家湾村), 13 year old Yang Xiao in November 2008 was ill with obscure disease.? She was saved by the donation of the villagers. When the grandmother saw the old village chief came to visit his granddaughter, she kneeled on the ground holding granddaughter?s hand. April 19, 2009
35. The oldest is 9, not going to school. The youngest is less than 2 years old. They lived in severely polluted area. They hands and faces were always dirty. April 10, 2005
36. Mazhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province, (河南省舞钢市洪河边的马庄村) 58-year-old Ma Haipeng (马海朋) was suffering from stomach cancer since 2006 and could not work in the field. He must take medicine every day, otherwise it is too painful. April 6, 2009
37. Every year, a lot of deficiency babies in Shanxi Province were abandoned. Kong Zhenlan (孔贞兰) in Qi town (祁县) who was making a living by recycling trash adopted 25 abandoned children. April 14, 2009
38. Xuanwei (宣威) in Yunnan province is a cancer village. Every year there are more than 20 people die of cancer. 11-year-old student Xu Li (徐丽) is suffering from bone cancer. May 8, 2007
39. In Shexian Village, Hebei Province, (河北省涉县固新村) the existing cancer patients are more than 50 people and more than 20 cancer patients die each year. March 18, 2008
40.? Zhangyuzhuan village by the Hong River in Xiping county, Henan province, (河南省西平县洪河边的张于庄村) 22-year-old Zhu Xiaoyan (朱小燕) had a tumor in her stomach in 2007. She died after number of hospital treatments on July 2008. 4-year-old girl with her grandfather came to mother?s tomb. April 2009 2
original source: Fengniao